Under President Putin, Russia’s government was a hybrid regime that combined elements of both democracy and authoritarianism. Two years into Medvedev’s presidency, the basic structure of government has not significantly changed.
History is being newly politicized in Russia and in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, and history itself is becoming a field of politics, but historians can and should resist manipulation by politicians.
Two potentially conflicting imperatives drive Barack Obama’s nuclear agenda. On the one hand, he has called for a world free of nuclear weapons. On the other hand, he believes that the United States needs credible nuclear deterrence.
The mayoral elections in Krasnoturinsk demonstrate the power of Russian civil society, given the right conditions, to overcome the administrative political regime.
The large protest in Kaliningrad marks an increase in popular anti-Putin and anti-Kremlin sentiment and an opportunity for the opposition to work with the dissatisfied population and toward a more democratic Russia.
The Tulip Revolution did not mark the emergence of democracy in Kyrgyzstan. To the contrary, since 2005, limits on political rights and freedoms and the strengthening of President Kurmanbek Bakiyev’s family rule have only increased.
Russia’s current ruling elite understands the threat posed by an ethnic project of nation-building and, therefore, seeks to adhere to a supranational concept of Russia as a civilization.
In 20 years of religious freedom, the Russian Orthodox Church has been unable to create a workable system for preparing its clergy and lay workers to perform social service, including missionary work, charity and moral education at schools and universities.
The most crucial areas for U.S.-Russia relations in 2010 include cooperation on Afghanistan and Iran, future developments in Georgia and Ukraine, and discussions of a new European security system inclusive of Russia.
In a special live broadcast of the BBC’s prestigious The World Tonight, leading foreign policy experts assess President Obama's first year in office and the chief challenges that lie ahead: strengthening the nonproliferation regime, climate change, the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, Iran, and Afghanistan.