The North Caucasus looks and feels more and more like Russia’s neighbor than a constituent part of the state. As the people in the region have become disappointed in local leaders and the Kremlin, many of them turn to Islam as their last hope to achieve structure and peace.
The hoped for undivided “Europe whole and free” of twenty years ago has today become a region in danger of seeing new lines divide the continent with the prospect of heightened tension for all. It will require adjustments and new thinking from all to recapture the promise of an undivided, secure, and prosperous region.
Russia is the only major economy that is not a member of the WTO, but discussions over its accession have intensified, giving rise to important questions about the implications for world trade.
Foreign Affairs Minister Petro Poroshenko discussed Ukraine’s domestic and foreign policy challenges ahead of the presidential election in January, stressing Ukraine’s strengthened democratic processes and the importance of continued dialogue about the new and open European security architecture.
Russian regions have been developing crises with economic, financial, social, and political facets. If not checked, some of these crises may grow to pose risks not only to the local area, but to the stability of the Russian government.
Recent efforts by both the United States and Russia to reset the bilateral relationship have yielded promising results and deeper cooperation on critical issues, including Iran, the post-Soviet states, and arms control and disarmament.
Kyrgyz Foreign Minister Sarbaev stressed that many of the problems plaguing Afghanistan and Kyrgyzstan, such as security and drug trafficking, are in fact regional problems, and that multilateral negotiations and mutual concessions can help find solutions to these problems.
The current political system in Russia is a hybrid of democracy and authoritarianism, or an “overmanaged democracy,” where the elements of authoritarianism dominate democratic ones. The system seems stable on the surface, but is in fact very fragile.
In his first major foreign policy address, NATO Secretary General, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, presented the basis for a new strategic partnership with Russia, laying out the specific areas where practical cooperation could be extended.
Ahead of the July 6-8 U.S.-Russia summit, Carnegie experts in Moscow discussed expectations for the visit, prospects for START negotiations, and areas for potential cooperation, including Iran, Afghanistan, and energy security.