In Georgia, the motto this week is "back to business." For the last twelve months, the country has been distracted by the continuation of an acrimonious political contest between the new government led by billionaire Prime Minister Bidzina Ivanishvili and President Mikheil Saakashvili, serving out his last year in office.

It was great fun for political journalists, but did not offer much for ordinary Georgians.

Now those two colossi have both stepped down, the Georgian Dream coalition has full authority and they have no excuse but to concentrate on the main issue that preoccupies most Georgians: how to get the economy back on track.

Growth figures in Georgia for the first nine months of the year were a disappointing 1.7 percent, well below the forecast 6 percent. Unemployment—a major reason why Saakashvili lost power—remains stubbornly high.

Government and the United National Movement (UNM) opposition have clashed as to why this is so.

The UNM says the figures display the lack of economic competence on the part of the new team. The government position is that much of the high tax revenues achieved by its predecessor were the result of the "extortion" of businesses. Their milder approach has left revenues lower but businesses happier, they say. They also argue that the fall in growth was caused by the cutting of "white elephant" infrastructure projects, like the projected new city of Lazika, which the country did not need. And that a drop in foreign investment was partly a result of a negative PR campaign waged by the UNM.

Foreign perception is definitely key. Georgia produces and exports little of importance to the outside world. Its chief economic value is in its ability to be a hub and entrepot for the wider Caucasus and Black Sea neighborhood.

Indeed, as an erudite and entertaining recent blog post from Tbilisi argues, this economic policy was first advanced by the merchant-friendly King David the Builder in the 12th century.

It was certainly no coincidence that a big delegation of the American Chamber of Commerce in Georgia chose last week to visit Washington D.C. The message I heard from them was two-fold. On the one hand, a cautious vote of approval for the new government and especially improvements in the court system and parliamentary process. On the other, a plea for both Georgia's Western friends and the government to work on a new business-friendly agenda—and by implication not to seek any more prosecutions of former officials, beginning with Saakashvili himself.

In other words, some kind of truce is required so that Georgians can talk more about economics and less about politics.

  • Thomas de Waal