Russian Ideology

    • Commentary

    The People Vs. the President: United Russia’s Survival Strategy

    The United Russia elite will now be caught between two voters: Vladimir Putin, on whom domestic policy managers are oriented, and ordinary people, who increasingly express their discontent through protest voting. The more efforts the Kremlin makes to turn United Russia into a corporation, the more often United Russia politicians will look to voters, who have already proved quite capable of teaching the regime a lesson.

    • Op-Ed

    What Drives the Russian State

    To understand what makes Putin and his allies act the way they do, you need to look beyond the myths.

    • Commentary

    Do Russians Really Believe Moscow Didn’t Interfere Abroad?

    Most Russians are not ready to publicly recognize their country’s interference in other states’ affairs. But in less formal conversations, far more people allow for the possibility of such interference than polls show. This reflects Russians’ complicated relationship to their country’s political narratives and its standoff with the West.

    • Commentary

    No Left Turn in Russia

    A protest vote is growing in Russia. But this is not a pivot toward socialism; rather, it is an expression of anger that the government has torn up the Putin-era social contract.

    • Commentary

    Chavismo, Russian Style: The Winners of Russia’s Regional Elections

    The opposition victors in Russian regional elections were not anti-establishment liberals but traditionalists and paternalists, unhappy with the Kremlin’s modernization agenda.

    • Commentary

    Far East Defeat: How the Kremlin Lost an Election

    The Kremlin’s chosen candidate lost the gubernatorial race in Russia’s Primorsky region. In part, that can be chalked up to local economic and political conditions. But while the Primorsky loss might seem like an outlier now, it may also foreshadow problems that the Russian regime will encounter as the country moves into the 2020s.

    • Commentary

    A Tactical Retreat: The Kremlin Reins in a War on Online Extremism

    A crackdown on online “extremism” has drawn rare resistance from both the Russian public and the political elite, forcing the Kremlin to support changes to the country’s main anti-extremism law.

    • Commentary

    System Failure in Russia: The Elections That Didn’t Go as Planned

    The Kremlin obviously understands that elections held under the old rules will result in more defeats. The rules, therefore, will have to change. Just like in 2013–2014, when opposition candidates started winning mayoral elections, the Kremlin first welcomed their victory, but then dispatched local legislatures to scrap mayoral elections altogether. They remain in just seven out of 83 regional centers. A similar fate may now await gubernatorial elections.

    • Commentary

    Depoliticization in Russia: The Growth of the Protest Vote

    Unhappy with plans to raise the retirement age, the decline in their living standards, and tax hikes, Russians can’t vote for the real opposition. Strong candidates are either not allowed to run or prefer to cooperate with the authorities by not running, while in-system parties deliberately tone down their rhetoric. Under such conditions, the protest vote becomes random: people are willing to vote for anyone but the ruling regime candidates.

    • Op-Ed

    Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin Is Now Russia’s Marketer-in-Chief

    Ahead of Sunday’s elections, the multifunctional Sobyanin brand was promoted like the latest washing machine.

Carnegie Experts on
Russian Ideology

  • expert thumbnail - Baunov
    Alexander Baunov
    Senior Fellow
    Editor in Chief of
    Moscow Center
    Baunov is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Moscow Center and editor in chief of
  • expert thumbnail - Gaaze
    Konstantin Gaaze
    Nonresident Scholar
    Carnegie Moscow Center
    Konstantin Gaaze is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Moscow Center.
  • expert thumbnail - Kolesnikov
    Andrei Kolesnikov
    Senior Fellow and Chair
    Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program
    Moscow Center
    Kolesnikov is a senior fellow and the chair of the Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center.
  • expert thumbnail - Movchan
    Andrey Movchan
    Nonresident Scholar
    Economic Policy Program
    Moscow Center
    Movchan is a nonresident scholar in the Economic Policy Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center.
  • expert thumbnail - Samorukov
    Maxim Samorukov
    Deputy Editor of
    Moscow Center
    Samorukov is deputy editor of
  • expert thumbnail - Trenin
    Dmitri Trenin
    Moscow Center
    Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, has been with the center since its inception. He also chairs the research council and the Foreign and Security Policy Program.

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