India and Pakistan nearly went to war in 2001–2002 and faced another crisis after the 2008 attacks in Mumbai, India. India is developing a “Cold Start” military doctrine and capabilities to conduct a quick invasion of Pakistan in response to a future terrorist attack, so as to force Pakistan to negotiate on terms favorable to India. Pakistan says it will respond with “Hot End”—nuclear weapon use. This would be a disaster to two of the world’s largest developing countries, not to mention the global nuclear order. This session will promote ideas for preventing nuclear escalation in South Asia.