Although Russia has failed to get at the Winter Olympics the one prize it particularly coveted, the ice hockey title, it managed to win a far more important victory—not in the overall medals count, although it counts—but in ensuring that the Games, the athletes and spectators were safe.

With so many worries just before the Olympics, all made credible by the terrible double suicide attacks in Volgograd on New Year's Eve, this was a feat that particularly deserves recognition. We may never know how realistic the threat of terrorist attack actually was, but the Russian security services did their very best.

They were certainly motivated by President Vladimir Putin's constant, intense and very personal attention to the issue, but it must also be that the services have learned a lot in the last decade and a half. Their level of professionalism has definitely improved, as far as counter-terrorism is concerned, even if counter-insurgency— for example, in Dagestan—still underperforms.

Keeping Sochi safe for the Olympics has been highly important, but, with the Games over, making Russia safer remains a challenge. Rising to that challenge requires embedding counter-insurgency within a broader political and economic strategy for the North Caucasus, and preventing terrorist attacks demands a much higher degree of mutual confidence between the law enforcers and ordinary citizens.

  • Dmitri Trenin