Russian Ideology


    • Commentary

    Rapping for the Kremlin: The Regime Hijacks a Youth Subculture

    The Kremlin must win over Russia’s youth, but it does not speak their language, as its dialogue with rappers has demonstrated. Initiated amid a controversial crackdown on rap, the Kremlin’s outreach to rappers has seen it attempt to co-opt an entire youth subculture—to no avail. In the absence of a coherent policy on cultural figures, Russia’s federal agencies, including law enforcement bodies, will continue to prefer the stick to the carrot, impeding any efforts to make peace, let alone ally, with rappers and, by extension, their fans.

    • Op-Ed

    Putin's Public Enemy

    The Kremlin is going after Russian rappers, but the government can't control a culture it doesn't understand.

    • Commentary

    The People Vs. the President: United Russia’s Survival Strategy

    The United Russia elite will now be caught between two voters: Vladimir Putin, on whom domestic policy managers are oriented, and ordinary people, who increasingly express their discontent through protest voting. The more efforts the Kremlin makes to turn United Russia into a corporation, the more often United Russia politicians will look to voters, who have already proved quite capable of teaching the regime a lesson.

    • Op-Ed

    What Drives the Russian State

    To understand what makes Putin and his allies act the way they do, you need to look beyond the myths.

    • Commentary

    Do Russians Really Believe Moscow Didn’t Interfere Abroad?

    Most Russians are not ready to publicly recognize their country’s interference in other states’ affairs. But in less formal conversations, far more people allow for the possibility of such interference than polls show. This reflects Russians’ complicated relationship to their country’s political narratives and its standoff with the West.

    • Commentary

    No Left Turn in Russia

    A protest vote is growing in Russia. But this is not a pivot toward socialism; rather, it is an expression of anger that the government has torn up the Putin-era social contract.

    • Commentary

    Chavismo, Russian Style: The Winners of Russia’s Regional Elections

    The opposition victors in Russian regional elections were not anti-establishment liberals but traditionalists and paternalists, unhappy with the Kremlin’s modernization agenda.

    • Commentary

    Far East Defeat: How the Kremlin Lost an Election

    The Kremlin’s chosen candidate lost the gubernatorial race in Russia’s Primorsky region. In part, that can be chalked up to local economic and political conditions. But while the Primorsky loss might seem like an outlier now, it may also foreshadow problems that the Russian regime will encounter as the country moves into the 2020s.

    • Commentary

    A Tactical Retreat: The Kremlin Reins in a War on Online Extremism

    A crackdown on online “extremism” has drawn rare resistance from both the Russian public and the political elite, forcing the Kremlin to support changes to the country’s main anti-extremism law.

    • Commentary

    System Failure in Russia: The Elections That Didn’t Go as Planned

    The Kremlin obviously understands that elections held under the old rules will result in more defeats. The rules, therefore, will have to change. Just like in 2013–2014, when opposition candidates started winning mayoral elections, the Kremlin first welcomed their victory, but then dispatched local legislatures to scrap mayoral elections altogether. They remain in just seven out of 83 regional centers. A similar fate may now await gubernatorial elections.

Carnegie Experts on
Russian Ideology

  • expert thumbnail - Baunov
    Alexander Baunov
    Senior Fellow
    Editor in Chief of
    Carnegie Moscow Center
    Baunov is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Moscow Center and editor in chief of
  • expert thumbnail - Gaaze
    Konstantin Gaaze
    Konstantin Gaaze is a sociologist, and a journalist.
  • expert thumbnail - Kolesnikov
    Andrei Kolesnikov
    Senior Fellow and Chair
    Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program
    Carnegie Moscow Center
    Kolesnikov is a senior fellow and the chair of the Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center.
  • expert thumbnail - Movchan
    Andrey Movchan
    Nonresident Scholar
    Economic Policy Program
    Carnegie Moscow Center
    Movchan is a nonresident scholar in the Economic Policy Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center.
  • expert thumbnail - Samorukov
    Maxim Samorukov
    Deputy Editor of
    Carnegie Moscow Center
    Samorukov is a fellow at the Carnegie Moscow Center and deputy editor of
  • expert thumbnail - Stanovaya
    Tatiana Stanovaya
    Nonresident Scholar
    Carnegie Moscow Center
    Tatiana Stanovaya is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Moscow Center.
  • expert thumbnail - Trenin
    Dmitri Trenin
    Carnegie Moscow Center
    Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, has been with the center since its inception. He also chairs the research council and the Foreign and Security Policy Program.

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