20 Years of Leading Analysis

War and Peace in the Caucasus

 

The emergence of the new states of the Caucasus has been strained by territorial disputes. Conflicts smolder in Chechnya, Abkhazia, and Nagorno-Karabakh. Terrorism and extremism have spread into the region from neighboring Middle East and Central Asia. Islam has emerged as a factor of public life. Caspian oil and its transit routes to the West have become the object of rivalry between major powers. How these challenges are met will determine the security outlook for Russia, Europe, and, in part, the United States.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    Abkhazia: Deeper With Russia
    Thomas de Waal November 20, 2014

    With Russia—for better or worse. That is the message society in Abkhazia is receiving now that a new Abkhaz-Russian treaty has been drafted which could be signed as early as next week.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Limits of Partnership: Russia and Turkey in the Caucasus
    Maxim Suchkov November 12, 2014

    In recent years the nature of Russian-Turkish relationship has proved to be nuanced. For Moscow and Ankara it is important to separate cooperative wheat from antagonizing chaff.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Georgia’s Coalition on the Rocks?
    Thomas de Waal November 5, 2014

    The unity of the Georgian Dream coalition has ended and the next election has already begun, only two years after the previous one. A break-up of this big coalition was inevitable; the only surprise is that it has happened so soon.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Echoes of the Ukraine Crisis in the South Caucasus
    Maxim Suchkov October 24, 2014

    The Ukrainian crisis has shown to the South Caucasian states that deciding between European and Eurasian integration comes at a high price, but that indecisiveness is an even worse path.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Chechen Mysteries in Donetsk
    Thomas de Waal October 9, 2014

    Memorial’s new report documents the involvement of Chechen fighters in the conflict in Donbass. Their presence there is all about Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov and a gesture of loyalty to Moscow.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Queuing for Russia’s Food Market
    Thomas de Waal October 1, 2014

    The list of countries wanting to take advantage of Western sanctions to boost their food exports to Russia has nothing in common but the desire to gain a new market.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Georgia and NATO—Everything But Membership
    Thomas de Waal September 24, 2014

    Georgia continues to try to prove itself a de facto ally of the United States, even without a formal alliance. This is the policy that Georgia needed all along: a stronger security relationship with the United States that makes it feel safer, without raising a red flag of NATO.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    The Scotland Effect
    Thomas de Waal September 17, 2014

    Separatists across Europe are hailing Scotland's referendum, but they also know that breaking up is a traumatic process.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Armenian Maneuvers
    Thomas de Waal September 11, 2014

    Last year, Armenian President Sargsyan committed his country to joining Putin’s Eurasian Union, instead of going toward the EU. A year on, serious discussions between the EU and Yerevan on how to re-launch the relationship have yet to start.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    A Decade After, Terrorism Remains a Threat
    Alexey Malashenko September 4, 2014

    Russian terrorism is deeply rooted in politics, religion, and social issues. Also, it is part and parcel of the global radical movement. Ten years after the terrorist attack on a school in Beslan, the repeat of that tragedy is still possible.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Abkhazia: Deeper With Russia
    Thomas de Waal November 20, 2014

    With Russia—for better or worse. That is the message society in Abkhazia is receiving now that a new Abkhaz-Russian treaty has been drafted which could be signed as early as next week.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Nagorno-Karabakh: Helicopter Downing Threatens Shaky Truce
    Thomas de Waal November 13, 2014 BBC Русский

    The shooting down of an Armenian helicopter on the ceasefire line of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict zone is the worst incident of its kind in over 20 years.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Limits of Partnership: Russia and Turkey in the Caucasus
    Maxim Suchkov November 12, 2014

    In recent years the nature of Russian-Turkish relationship has proved to be nuanced. For Moscow and Ankara it is important to separate cooperative wheat from antagonizing chaff.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Georgia’s Coalition on the Rocks?
    Thomas de Waal November 5, 2014

    The unity of the Georgian Dream coalition has ended and the next election has already begun, only two years after the previous one. A break-up of this big coalition was inevitable; the only surprise is that it has happened so soon.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Echoes of the Ukraine Crisis in the South Caucasus
    Maxim Suchkov October 24, 2014

    The Ukrainian crisis has shown to the South Caucasian states that deciding between European and Eurasian integration comes at a high price, but that indecisiveness is an even worse path.

     
  • Event
    Exploring the Prospects for Russian-Turkish Cooperation
    Nigar Ağaoğulları, Memduh Karakullukçu, Dmitri Trenin, Irina Zvyagelskaya, Evgeny Buzhinsky, Alexey Malashenko, Ümit Pamir, Pavel Shlykov October 16, 2014 Moscow

    Russia and Turkey share many important interests, providing them with opportunities for valuable collaboration and cooperation in their common neighborhood, which stretches from the South Caucasus and the Levant to Central Asia and Afghanistan.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Chechen Mysteries in Donetsk
    Thomas de Waal October 9, 2014

    Memorial’s new report documents the involvement of Chechen fighters in the conflict in Donbass. Their presence there is all about Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov and a gesture of loyalty to Moscow.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Queuing for Russia’s Food Market
    Thomas de Waal October 1, 2014

    The list of countries wanting to take advantage of Western sanctions to boost their food exports to Russia has nothing in common but the desire to gain a new market.

     
  • Paper
    Exploring the Prospects for Russian-Turkish Cooperation in a Turbulent Neighborhood
    Dmitri Trenin, Memduh Karakullukçu September 29, 2014 Русский

    Even though tensions over Ukraine will inevitably cast a shadow over the bilateral relationship, Russia and Turkey—a NATO member—continue to share a range of important interests.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Georgia and NATO—Everything But Membership
    Thomas de Waal September 24, 2014

    Georgia continues to try to prove itself a de facto ally of the United States, even without a formal alliance. This is the policy that Georgia needed all along: a stronger security relationship with the United States that makes it feel safer, without raising a red flag of NATO.

     

Carnegie Experts on War and Peace in the Caucasus

  • Alexey Malashenko
    Scholar in Residence
    Religion, Society, and Security Program
    Moscow Center

    Malashenko is the chair of the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Religion, Society, and Security Program. He also taught at the Higher School of Economics from 2007 to 2008 and was a professor at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations from 2000 to 2006.

  •  
  • Dmitri Trenin
    Director
    Moscow Center

    Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, has been with the center since its inception. He also chairs the research council and the Foreign and Security Policy Program.

  •  

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