20 Years of Leading Analysis

War and Peace in the Caucasus

 

The emergence of the new states of the Caucasus has been strained by territorial disputes. Conflicts smolder in Chechnya, Abkhazia, and Nagorno-Karabakh. Terrorism and extremism have spread into the region from neighboring Middle East and Central Asia. Islam has emerged as a factor of public life. Caspian oil and its transit routes to the West have become the object of rivalry between major powers. How these challenges are met will determine the security outlook for Russia, Europe, and, in part, the United States.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    The Scotland Effect
    Thomas de Waal September 17, 2014

    Separatists across Europe are hailing Scotland's referendum, but they also know that breaking up is a traumatic process.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Armenian Maneuvers
    Thomas de Waal September 11, 2014

    Last year, Armenian President Sargsyan committed his country to joining Putin’s Eurasian Union, instead of going toward the EU. A year on, serious discussions between the EU and Yerevan on how to re-launch the relationship have yet to start.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    A Decade After, Terrorism Remains a Threat
    Alexey Malashenko September 4, 2014

    Russian terrorism is deeply rooted in politics, religion, and social issues. Also, it is part and parcel of the global radical movement. Ten years after the terrorist attack on a school in Beslan, the repeat of that tragedy is still possible.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Beslan Ten Years Later
    Thomas de Waal September 3, 2014

    Today, the Islamist militants who attacked a school in Beslan in 2004 are weaker than before. But the fact that the North Caucasus has fallen out of the headlines does not mean that its problems are solved.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Khajimba’s Challenges
    Thomas de Waal August 27, 2014

    Raul Khajimba has attained the position of Abkhazian president at the fourth attempt, but he knows it's a far from enviable job.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Shevardnadze’s Lessons For Ukraine
    Thomas de Waal August 20, 2014

    As Petro Poroshenko embarks on a long steep journey as leader of Ukraine, he would do well to study Eduard Shevardnadze's statecraft in Georgia, with both his great successes and the later disappointments.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Georgia-Russia: Six Years After the War
    George Volski August 15, 2014

    It has been six years since the end of the Russia-Georgia war, but its effects still pervade political debates between the Georgian Dream coalition and the once powerful Mikheil Saakashvili’s United National Movement (UNM).

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Putin Brings Armenian and Azeri Leaders Together, But No Solution to Karabakh in Sight
    Alexey Malashenko August 14, 2014

    The Sochi meeting between Russia’s, Armenia’s, and Azerbaijan’s presidents is but one episode in the series of Russia’s protracted peacemaking efforts. Rather, the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict serves as a great pretext for Russia’s presence in the South Caucasus.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Out of Ideas in Sochi
    Thomas de Waal August 13, 2014

    Putin enjoyed his moment in the media limelight as a peace-maker over Karabakh. But the lack of substance from the summit suggests that Russia is as out of ideas as anyone else on the Karabakh conflict.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Karabakh’s Guns of August
    Thomas de Waal August 5, 2014

    The ceasefire in Nagorny Karabakh has been violated multiple times over the last few days. Without a more substantial peace process that both Armenia and Azerbaijan can buy into, the violence is all too likely to re-occur.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    The Scotland Effect
    Thomas de Waal September 17, 2014

    Separatists across Europe are hailing Scotland's referendum, but they also know that breaking up is a traumatic process.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Armenian Maneuvers
    Thomas de Waal September 11, 2014

    Last year, Armenian President Sargsyan committed his country to joining Putin’s Eurasian Union, instead of going toward the EU. A year on, serious discussions between the EU and Yerevan on how to re-launch the relationship have yet to start.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    A Decade After, Terrorism Remains a Threat
    Alexey Malashenko September 4, 2014

    Russian terrorism is deeply rooted in politics, religion, and social issues. Also, it is part and parcel of the global radical movement. Ten years after the terrorist attack on a school in Beslan, the repeat of that tragedy is still possible.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Beslan Ten Years Later
    Thomas de Waal September 3, 2014

    Today, the Islamist militants who attacked a school in Beslan in 2004 are weaker than before. But the fact that the North Caucasus has fallen out of the headlines does not mean that its problems are solved.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Khajimba’s Challenges
    Thomas de Waal August 27, 2014

    Raul Khajimba has attained the position of Abkhazian president at the fourth attempt, but he knows it's a far from enviable job.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Shevardnadze’s Lessons For Ukraine
    Thomas de Waal August 20, 2014

    As Petro Poroshenko embarks on a long steep journey as leader of Ukraine, he would do well to study Eduard Shevardnadze's statecraft in Georgia, with both his great successes and the later disappointments.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Georgia-Russia: Six Years After the War
    George Volski August 15, 2014

    It has been six years since the end of the Russia-Georgia war, but its effects still pervade political debates between the Georgian Dream coalition and the once powerful Mikheil Saakashvili’s United National Movement (UNM).

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Putin Brings Armenian and Azeri Leaders Together, But No Solution to Karabakh in Sight
    Alexey Malashenko August 14, 2014

    The Sochi meeting between Russia’s, Armenia’s, and Azerbaijan’s presidents is but one episode in the series of Russia’s protracted peacemaking efforts. Rather, the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict serves as a great pretext for Russia’s presence in the South Caucasus.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Out of Ideas in Sochi
    Thomas de Waal August 13, 2014

    Putin enjoyed his moment in the media limelight as a peace-maker over Karabakh. But the lack of substance from the summit suggests that Russia is as out of ideas as anyone else on the Karabakh conflict.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Karabakh’s Guns of August
    Thomas de Waal August 5, 2014

    The ceasefire in Nagorny Karabakh has been violated multiple times over the last few days. Without a more substantial peace process that both Armenia and Azerbaijan can buy into, the violence is all too likely to re-occur.

     

Carnegie Experts on War and Peace in the Caucasus

  • Alexey Malashenko
    Scholar in Residence
    Religion, Society, and Security Program
    Moscow Center

    Malashenko is the chair of the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Religion, Society, and Security Program. He also taught at the Higher School of Economics from 2007 to 2008 and was a professor at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations from 2000 to 2006.

  •  
  • Dmitri Trenin
    Director
    Moscow Center

    Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, has been with the center since its inception. He also chairs the research council and the Foreign and Security Policy Program.

  •  

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