Speaking on Background Briefing with Ian Masters, Carnegie’s Ashley Tellis examined the new strategic agreement signed by Afghanistan and India. He argued that the agreement was intended, in part, as a shot across Pakistan's bow in order to show Islamabad that Kabul has other options if the Pakistan Army continues to support Afghan insurgencies. The agreement, however, does not presage a replacement of American troops by Indian ones, Tellis asserted. Instead, it relies on continued American involvement in the region.