Alexey Malashenko

Scholar in Residence
Religion, Society, and Security Program
Moscow Center
Malashenko is the chair of the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Religion, Society, and Security Program. He also taught at the Higher School of Economics from 2007 to 2008 and was a professor at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations from 2000 to 2006.


PhD, History, Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Arabic; English; French; Russian

Contact Information


Alexey Malashenko is the chair of the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Religion, Society, and Security Program.

Malashenko also taught at the Higher School of Economics from 2007 to 2008 and was a professor at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations from 2000 to 2006. From 1976 to 1982 and again from 1986 to 2001, Malashenko worked at the Institute of Oriental Studies at the Russian Academy of Sciences as a research fellow, head of the Islamic Department, and finally as senior associate. In 1990, he was also a visiting professor at Colgate University in New York. From 1982 to 1986, he was editor of the journal Problems of Peace and Socialism.

Malashenko is a professor of political science as well as a member of the RIA Novosti advisory council. He serves on the editorial boards of the journals Central Asia and the Caucasus and Acta Eurasica and the newsletter Russia and the Muslim World and is a board member of the International Federation for Peace and Conciliation.

Malashenko is the author and editor of about twenty books in Russian, English, French, and Arabic, including: Islam in Central Asia (Garnet Publishing, 1994), Russia’s Restless Frontier (with Dmitri Trenin; Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2004), The Islamic Alternative and the Islamist Project (Carnegie Moscow Center and Ves Mir, 2006), Russia and Islam (Carnegie Moscow Center and ROSSPEN, 2007), and My Islam (ROSSPEN, 2010).

  • Eurasia Outlook March 17, 2015 Русский
    Will the Chechen Connection Lead to Ramzan Kadyrov?

    Putin and Kadyrov resemble Siamese twins, whose separation will result in complication for both of them, and thus for the country at large. Neither one of them stood to benefit from Boris Nemtsov’s death.

  • Eurasia Outlook March 13, 2015 Русский
    The Chechen Connection?

    It is impossible to imagine Ramzan Kadyrov calling his subordinates and directly instructing them to commit the murder of Boris Nemtsov. However, the xenophobia and fear of the West characteristic of some segments of Russia’s Muslim community, including Muslims in the North Caucasus, creates a favorable climate for such acts.

  • Op-Ed Mark News March 3, 2015 Русский
    Expanding Its Reach: ISIS and the Caucasus

    Many North Caucasus natives have joined the Islamic State, and some are returning home. If the socioeconomic and political situation in the region deteriorates and popular discontent increases, this may lead former Islamic State fighters to join the armed struggle.

  • Eurasia Outlook March 3, 2015
    How Will Nemtsov’s Murder Change Political Life in Russia?

    In the wake of the murder of one of Russia’s most fervent opposition leaders, Boris Nemtsov, Russia remains less in a state of shock than in a state of confusion about what this means for the country’s future. Eurasia Outlook asked Carnegie’s experts to share their thoughts on how the event will change political life in Russia.

  • Eurasia Outlook February 24, 2015
    What Is Behind the Sirte Tragedy?

    The ISIS cannot be defeated through military strikes only. The Islamic State is just a tip of the radical Islamist iceberg, which is firmly entrenched in the Muslim world.

  • Op-Ed Institute for War & Peace Reporting (IWPR) February 6, 2015 Русский
    Does Islamic State Threaten Central Asia?

    Syrian jihad will not be replicated by Central Asian combatants returning home, but fundamentalist ideals are long-established in this region and will not go away.

  • Eurasia Outlook January 27, 2015
    What Is the Future for Donbas?

    This past weekend’s intensified fighting and shelling in southeastern Ukraine, from Donetsk to Mariupol, escalated the Ukraine crisis to a new level. As more people die, political negotiations and eventual diplomatic compromise look less and less likely. What, under these circumstances, does the future hold for Donbas?

  • Eurasia Outlook January 21, 2015
    Nazarbayev as Mediator

    Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev has managed to use the Ukraine crisis as a sort of stepping stone to elevate his international profile and Kazakhstan’s geopolitical status.

  • Eurasia Outlook January 19, 2015 Русский
    Ramzan Kadyrov as a Federal-Level Politician

    Ramzan Kadyrov, head of the Chechen Republic in the North Caucasus, is now firmly entrenched in Russian politics at the federal-level, and it appears that he is there to stay, because Putin and Kadyrov really need each other.

  • Eurasia Outlook January 15, 2015 Русский
    What the Anti-Terrorist Rally Demonstrated

    An optimal model for the painless existence of Muslims in an alien cultural and religious environment has not yet been found and is unlikely to appear in the near future. In essence, Europe is dealing with a conflict of identities, which continues to increase.

  • December 10, 2013
    The Fight for Influence: Russia in Central Asia

    It is time for Moscow to rethink its approach to Central Asia.

  • Moscow: Carnegie Moscow Center July 5, 2011 Русский
    20 Years Without the Berlin Wall: A Breakthrough to Freedom

    Enormous societal and political shifts 20 years ago opened prospects for a new, united Europe. Despite Russia’s role in this peaceful departure from totalitarianism, the country’s course in the subsequent two decades was not so straightforward. While the demolition of the Berlin Wall is no guarantee of success, democratic transformations are a necessary precondition.

  • Moscow: Carnegie Moscow Center October 14, 2009 Русский
    Twenty Years of Religious Freedom in Russia

    Post-Soviet Russia has witnessed an expansion of religious freedom and a change in the relationship between religious entities and the state. Religious movements that had all but disappeared under the Soviet regime have been experiencing a revival.

  • Moscow: Carnegie Moscow Center July 1, 2009 Русский
    Religion and Globalization Across Eurasia

    Each of seven major religions in Eurasia—Buddhism, Catholicism, Hinduism, Islam, Protestantism, Russian Orthodoxy, and paganism—has been forced to develop under the modern pressures of globalization.

  • Washington October 29, 2003 Washington, D.C.
    Russia's Restless Frontier: The Chechnya Factor in Post-Soviet Russia

    Trenin and Malashenko examine the implications of the war with Chechnya for Russia's post-Soviet evolution. Considering Chechnya's impact on Russia's military, domestic politics, foreign policy, and ethnic relations, the authors contend that the Chechen factor must be addressed before Russia can continue its development.

  • Boston
    NPR's Tell Me More April 22, 2013
    After Boston Bombing, A New Focus On Chechnya

    The current situation in Dagestan may have more bearing on the actions of the Boston bombers than the situation in Chechnya.

  • Voice of Russia June 7, 2012
    Turkey: A Bridge Between Two Worlds

    Turkey is attempting to position itself as a more than a regional power, with activity in all its neighboring regions. It remains to be seen, however, whether Turkey has enough forces to be present in so many places.

  • Alexey Malashenko
    CSIS June 28, 2011
    Implications of the Arab Spring for Central Asia

    The Arab Spring is likely to have little to no impact on the political situation in the countries of Central Asia and may even serve the governments there as a cautionary warning to their citizens against social upheaval and turmoil.

  • Alexey Malashenko
    Voice of Russia June 27, 2011
    Living in Limbo in Nagorno-Karabakh

    While Azerbaijan is unlikely to ever recognize the independence of Nagorno-Karabakh or sign a treaty with Armenia concerning the contested territory, it is also unlikely that a war will break out over the territory’s status.

  • RIA Novosti's Russian Angle June 14, 2011
    What Is the Role of Russia in the Middle East Today?

    Russia plays an extremely important role as mediator in the current Libyan conflict. If Moscow can succeed in this role, there would be a clear positive benefit to Libya and its neighbors.

  • Radio France Internationale August 17, 2009
    Violence in Ingushetia

    Ingushetia’s corrupt officials and extreme Islamists may be behind a suicide bomb explosion at a police station in the capital of Nazran.

  • October 16, 2014 Moscow Русский
    Exploring the Prospects for Russian-Turkish Cooperation

    Russia and Turkey share many important interests, providing them with opportunities for valuable collaboration and cooperation in their common neighborhood, which stretches from the South Caucasus and the Levant to Central Asia and Afghanistan.

  • April 17, 2014 Moscow
    Syria Transition Roadmap

    As the conflict in Syria continues, opposition groups have put together a plan named the “Syria Transition Roadmap” that they hope will lead the country into the future.

  • May 14, 2013 Washington, DC
    North Caucasus Under the Spotlight

    Since the Boston Marathon bombings, Russia’s relationship with its Muslim minorities has become the focus of intense scrutiny in the West.

  • April 12, 2013 Beirut
    The Russia-Middle East Connection: The Arab Spring and its Impact on Russia’s Muslims

    Since the Arab Spring first broke out in December 2011, Russian policymakers have viewed regional developments with unease. They now wonder what rising Islamist parties in the Middle East will mean for Russia's relationship with its own Muslim minority.

  • Rafik Mukhametshin and Alexey Malashenko
    October 4, 2012 Moscow Русский
    The Religious Situation in Tatarstan

    Radicalization is taking place inside Tatarstan’s Muslim community, and internal divisions are among the reasons for the July 2012 terrorist attacks on Ildus Faizov and Valiulla Yakupov.

  • March 14, 2012 Moscow, Kyiv Русский
    Russia’s 2012 Presidential Elections: Prospects for Russia and the Region

    After the presidential election, which Vladimir Putin won, a significant portion of the population doubts the legitimacy of the election results. These doubts will contribute to the rise of social and political movements in Russia.

  • February 22, 2012
    Trends in Islam in the Wider Caucasus

    Islam is increasingly an important factor in the politics of the wider Caucasus region.

  • February 22, 2012 Washington, D.C.
    Political Islam in the Caucasus

    Islam is increasingly becoming a factor in the politics of the wider Caucasus region, as Azerbaijan experiences a growth of religion in politics and Turkey and Iran compete for Islamic influence on their neighbors.

  • January 26, 2012 Washington, D.C.
    Russia's Strategy in the Middle East

    Russia’s approach to the Middle East is at a turning point, as the changes associated with the Arab Spring continue to destabilize regimes and alliances and Iran appears to be moving ahead with its nuclear program in defiance of Russia and the West.

  • November 14, 2011 Русский
    Interethnic Relations

    The first session examined aspects of interethnic relations and nationalism before and after the Soviet collapse.


Areas of Expertise

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